warming, diplomats and analysts warned that the “disappointing” week of UN climate talks in Bonn has left much work to be done just five months before a major climate summit in Egypt.

Developing countries expressed displeasure at the mid-year session’s lack of progress on critical topics, particularly the establishment of a financial facility to deal with mounting losses from extreme weather and rising seas, during the concluding session on Thursday.


The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIStop )’s negotiator stated the grouping’s 39 members had not received assurances that climate money “would be delivered at scale or speed.”


“The climate situation is rapidly devolving into a disaster. “However, within these walls, the process feels out of step with reality,” said Conrod Hunte, the UN ambassador for Antigua and Barbuda in the Caribbean.


The lackluster outcome in Bonn, which saw no meaningful progress on carbon reductions or a worldwide target to promote adaptation, has left diplomats with a “difficult burden” ahead of the COP27 conference in Egypt in November, according to Alex Scott of think-tank E3G.


“It appears that negotiators have arrived without the political wiggle room necessary to… ensure that we arrive at COP27 with a genuine sense of progress,” E3climate G’s diplomacy leader told journalists.


Long-standing tensions between developing and affluent countries erupted during the Bonn discussions, ranging from who should bear more responsibility for reducing climate-changing emissions to how to pay for repairing and avoiding “loss and damage.”


Countries squabbled from the start about whether and how to include a discussion about establishing a dedicated fund for loss and damage on the official UN agenda.

After the matter was left unresolved in Bonn, outgoing UN climate chief Patricia Espinosa called for “important political decisions” on loss and damage finance at COP27.


In a statement, she said that this, together with increased financing for adaptation and clean energy, is “critical to build a more sustainable and resilient future.”

According to Harjeet Singh, a senior consultant with Climate Action Network International, several affluent countries acknowledged the gap in delivering funding to vulnerable countries in Bonn for the first time, allowing them to recover from climate change damages they had no responsibility in producing.


Rich countries, such as the European Union, Switzerland, and the United States, then went on to block discussion of a new financial facility, refusing to even allow developing countries to put it on the COP27 agenda, he said.


“Rich countries must show (a) spirit of international collaboration and solidarity, not just empty words,” Singh told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Putting Paris into Action

The focus now, according to Espinosa, is on making sure that the Egyptian COP, which will be held in Sharm el-Sheikh, “may genuinely be the venue where the significant promises of the Paris Agreement are translated into reality.”


Countries began discussions in Bonn on how to reduce emissions quicker and deeper in order to meet the Paris Agreement’s strictest target of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), as well as how to measure their collective progress.


However, there were disagreements on how to move forward with a program targeted at increasing global emissions reductions, with at-risk countries requesting that it endure until 2030, while certain countries, such as China, wanted it to last only a year.


Wealthy governments also wanted to involve big emerging economies in the mitigation program, but they were met with opposition from poor countries, who have historically contributed less to carbon emissions.


David Waskow, head of the World Resources Institute’s worldwide climate action program, urged large polluters to enhance their emissions reduction objectives and affluent countries to provide the financing needed for vulnerable countries to deal with the repercussions of a warming globe.

“Perhaps the most important effect of these (Bonn) negotiations is that wealthy countries have realized that the chorus screaming for answers to loss and harm is only getting louder,” he said.


In a statement, he continued, “Addressing this issue is a crucial measure of success for the UN climate summit in Egypt.”



Climate-vulnerable countries have long been frustrated by the glacial pace of UN negotiations, with their main requests — such as greater funding — mostly unmet.


The Vulnerable Twenty Group (V20) released a report this month that indicated 55 economies hit severely by climate change — from Bangladesh to Kenya to South Sudan — have lost $525 billion — or 20% of their income on average — in the last two decades due to the effects of global warming.

Climate change-related losses are already increasing and are expected to worsen if global efforts to reduce emissions from fossil fuel use are not considerably increased, according to a major UN research assessment released in February.


Switzerland stated during the Bonn concluding session that the discussions had not made enough progress on emissions reduction ambition to keep the 1.5C goal within reach, warning that “we may lose 1.5 degrees” this year, which “we just cannot afford.”


Hunte of AOSIS urged high-emitting countries to submit stronger plans for carbon reductions by a UN deadline in late September, warning that the globe is on the verge of “overshoot into tragedy.”


“We must base our decision here on science, but we come to a dismal conclusion.” He warned delegates, “This is an awful manner of negotiating with vulnerable countries.” s of people around the world who strive to live free and decently.


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